20 th BCS Preliminary

Question 1 to 4
Rumor is the most primitive way of spreading stories— by passing them on from mouth to mouth. but civilized countries in normal times have better sources of news than rumor. They have radio, television, and newspapers. In times of confusion however , rumor appears and becomes widespread. At such times the different kinds of news are in competition: the press, television, and radio against the grapevine. Especially do rumors spread when war requires control on many important matters. The normal news sources no longer give out enough information. Since the people cannot learn through legal channels all that they are anxious to learn, they pick up "news" wherever they can and when this happens, rumor grows. Rumors are often repeated even by those who do not believe the tales. There is an interest about them. The reason is that the cleverly designed rumor gives expression to something deep in the hearts of the victims — the fears, doubts, forbidden hopes, or daydreams which they hesitate to voice directly. Pessimistic rumors about defeat and disasters show that the people who repeat them are worried and anxious .Optimistic rumors about record production or peace soon coming point to self- satisfaction or confidence—and often to over- confidence

1. The author is mainly concerned with ----- 

[20 th BCS Preliminary : 1999]

1. the nature of rumor

1

2. the fascination of rumors

2

3. rumor as primitive man's newspaper

3

4. the breeding places of rumors

4
Answer
2. The author suggests that rumors usually----

[20 th BCS Preliminary : 1999]

1. alarm their hearers

1

2. are hardy in their growth

2

3. are disheartening

3

4. can be suppressed by censorship

4
Answer
3. The author states that the during wartime the regular sources of news present only-----

[20 th BCS Preliminary : 1999]

1. optimistic reports

1

2. pessimistic reports

2

3. limited information

3

4. government propaganda

4
Answer
4. Which of the following best describes the author's personal attitude toward rumor?

[20 th BCS Preliminary : 1998]

1. Excited enthusiasm

1

2. Morbid curiosity

2

3. Acute indignation

3

4. Philosophical interest

4
Answer

Each question below consists of a related pair of words. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.

5. EXCITE : CALM

[20 th BCS Preliminary : 1998]

1. stimulate : cool down

1

2. retrain : compose

2

3. agitate : trouble

3

4. upset : perturb

4
Answer